Why do people use Ubuntu OS?
Ubuntu Ubuntu (pronounced oo-BOON-too) is an open source s Debian s -based Linux s distribution. Sponsored by Canonical Ltd. Ubuntu is considered a good distribution s for beginners. The operating system was intended primarily for personalputer s s (PCs) but it can also be used on server s s. The word ubuntu is from the African Zulu language and translates as humanity to others. The primary version of Ubuntu employs GNOME s (GNU Network Model Environment pronounced gah-NOHM) a graphical user interface ( GUI s ) and set of desktop application s s for Linux. GNOME is intended to make Linux easy to use for non-programmers and is similar to the Windows s desktop interface. Several variants of Ubuntu are available in addition to the regular distribution Ubuntu Server Edition Ubuntu Studio for multimedia s applications Edubuntu for educational institutions and home schooling Kubuntu a version that employs KDE s (Kool Desktop Environment) instead of GNOME Xubuntu forputers with limited processing power JeOS s (just enough OS) a lightweight version for virtual appliances. s Canonical Ltd. adds new releases of Ubuntu at six-month intervals along with a minimum 18-month security-updatemitment for each release. What is Ubuntu Operating System? The operating system landscape is dominated by Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS. Even though these 2 operating systems have the lion share in the operating system market but there are a few other options as well. One such option is Linux. The operating systems like Linux are created on an entirely different philosophy aspared to Windows and Mac OS. Linux is an open source system while the other two are not. Ubuntu is an operating system which is based on the open-source Linux operating system. Before we go into the details of Ubuntu let us 1st understand what exactly is an operating system. What is an operating system? An operating system 3 OS 3 is a software which connects the hardware with the software side of theputer. The OS is a platform which allows the user to run other software applications utilizing the hardware of the machine. Most of the software applications of any machine are reliant on the OS in order to synchronize the functions with the hardware. The OS is responsible for handling all the hardware resources of theputer like Input devices Network-based devices like Routers Internal and external storage devices Other peripherals The OS is also responsible for the allocation and utilization of memory as well as the tasks associated with the execution of memory slots and their management. Thus in simple terms the OS provides a platform not just to the users but also the software to use the software and hardware in an integrated fashion. What is open source? You might have noticed above that we stated that Linux is an open source OS. On the other hand Mac OS and Windows arepiled operating systems. The question which arises is what is an open source operating system? An open-source OS has an accessible source code which the developers can use in order to develop the OS further. The main trait of the source code is that it should beprehensible for humans. Machines do not directly understand the source code. It has to be fed to the machines with the help of apiler. In order to understand the source code of the Linux OS you should just know the programming language in which it is written. You can download the OS and study how it works. The main benefit of writing the OS in open source is that the developers can use the source code to develop the OS further. Any bug or vulnerability can be collectively solved as well. On the other hand Mac OS and Windows operating systems are written in languages which are easier for the machines to understand. It will be very difficult for a human to decipher the exact data of thepiled operating systems. This is the basic difference between an open source OS and apiled one. The open source OS is easy to decipher and develop further as the source code is directly available. What is Ubuntu and how it works? Ubuntu is an OS which is built on the Linux kernel foundation. It is also known as the distribution of Linux. Ubuntu is just one of the operating systems which are built using the Linux kernel foundation. There are quite a few others. Most of the other open source operating systems built on the Linux kernel are available to download and use for free. There are dedicatedmunities of developers who can support you when you use those operating systems. The only problem with downloading the free open source OS is that for the normal user it might be tooplex. This is where Ubuntu stands out from the rest. It is distributed by apany named Canonical. The aim of thispany founded by Mark Shuttleworth is to provide access to a free and stable OS to the users as well as developers. It does not charge anything for the OS. Its business model revolves around providingmercial support to the products which it has brought to the market. It also provides various software solutions to corporates as well as other institutes all over the world to help them increase their efficiency and reduce the costs. In order to download Ubuntu all you need to do is to just get the official version of the OS from its website and burn it into a CD drive to install it. You can even use it as a secondary OS. Now that you are aware of what exactly Ubuntu is we will go into some of the advantages of this OS. Benefits of Ubuntu The benefits of Ubuntu Windows and other operating systems are plenty. We will go into the benefits of Ubuntu below. Ubuntu is free The very 1st advantage of Ubuntu is that it is entirely free. Unlike Mac OS or Windows you need not pay any fees in order to use it. Ubuntu is more secure Most of the operating systems have their own share of problems. Ubuntu however is much more secure aspared to some of the other operating systems like Windows. You need not pay a fee in order to protect your machine when it is running on this OS. This is the reason why it is a good idea to go for Ubuntu. Good option for development If you program or code it is one of the best options for you. It provides you with quite a few by default options which ensure that you are able to code right away. Text editors as well as office suites are directly included. This means that you will not have to install separatepilers or software on your OS in order to start coding. Virtual desktops Ubuntu offers you multiple desktops just like the screen on your smartphone. You can switch between the different screens in order to work on different software. This ensures that you are able to increase your productivity significantly. ordered-list These are just some of the advantages of this OS over the other operating systems. In all it is not only easier to use butpletely customizable which is what makes it much better aspared to the other operating systems. Why should you switch to Ubuntu? The reasons to switch over to this OS are plenty. Some of them include Free OS Secured OS Compatible with low-end hardware as well Easy to use All the drivers included Completely customizable These reasons make it essential for you to take a look at Ubuntu as an OS for your machine rather than just relying on the otherpiled operating systems. So if up until now you have not used the Ubuntu OS now is the time to check it out. With its mind-boggling number of features andplete customization options you will be able to use your machine exactly as per your requirements which will increase your efficiency and productivity. It is time to explore Ubuntu in greater detail now that you are aware of the basics of it.
How do you create a Kindle Table of Contents in LibreOffice 6?
There an easy answer - don bother. Instead do this Download the free calibre ebook management program and install it on yourputer. Import the file into calibre (the name has no capital c). Make sure you place a checkmark next to Force use of auto-generated Table of Contents. In the box Level 1 TOC (XPath expression) make sure is entered (no quotes). If you want just chapter headings in your contents that's all you need toplete. If you want to use multi-level contents pages as in this book then enter n in 'Level 2 TOC';n in 'Level 3 TOC' Once youve converted the book to EPUB you can use calibre to edit the meta data too. The resulting EPUB file can be submitted to KDP as the source document.
OpenOffice vs. LibreOffice vs. NeoOffice -- what's the canonical answer?
Short answer LibreOffice Long Answer italic nAll three versions originated from a proprietary office suite called StarOffice (). Sun Microsystem purchased the developer of StarOffice and forked most of the codebase as OpenOffice . After Oracle's acquired Sun Microsystem in January 21 there were some major reorganization of the OpenOfficemunity 1 due to distrust of Oracle's handling of open source projects 2. Due to the fact that Oracle owns the OpenOffice trademark the new fork is called LibreOffice promising usersmunity-driven and developed software and transparency ... widerpatibility and no end-user lock-in. 3 With the largest Linux distribution Ubuntu throwing its weight behind LibreOffice and the fact that there aren't any major release from since January 2114 LibreOffice is the best choice for most users. On the other hand NeoOffice began as a MacOS native port of OpenOffice and Go-OO supposedly providing an enhanced experienced for users by utilizing native MacOS users. The caveat with NeoOffice downloads cost $1 5. Or else you will have to download the source code and build it yourself 6. Whilst the instructions are not tooplicated the fact that the user need to check out the source code andpile them manually makes it much less attractive than downloading the LibreOffice installer. If you absolutely cannot do without natural MacOS look and feel as well as functionalities such asn Versions and Resume in MacOS Native file locking support on networked volumes Integration with MacOS grammar checking other features at nas well as parting with $1 orpiling the application yourself then NeoOffice is your best bet. nOtherwise LibreOffice will provide you with the same functionality across all platforms (Windows Linux MacOS) with a free download. 1 n5
What are the first 10 programs you download and install on your new computer?
I start generally with updating graphics drivers. So checking nVidia Intel or AMD websites. Once that is done I generally go to Ninite s . Ninite is pretty sweet as you can customise what software you want and it gives you one mini program that allows you to install all the software you want without having to go through all the popups. In face you can just run it again to get it to update all those programs again in one go. So yeah the stuff I go with are Chrome 7zip - The best zipping unzipping utility Skype () VLC (The best program for videos) Spotify (The one place for music) Audacity (For all your audio needs) All the runtimes (you never know when you need them Steam (Need those games) GIMP (Poor man Photoshop but still pretty solid) JDK (I work on a open source project so I need this for work) Non-Ninite Stuff Norton - It works don knock it. Editplus (As much as I like Notepad++ Editplus is so worth the money)
I am an aspiring data scientist with a Windows machine: what is the best way to begin using Linux, the command line, and understanding their usefulness?
Your main problem is going to be motivation in the beginning since most things work very differently and that is frustrating. nSo I advise you to jump right in and make a vow to stick with it for a while. Don't concern yourself with all the distributions just pick a very mainstream one (probably some *buntu) where there are lots of sources of suport. Arch and Gentoo are very frustrating distros for a beginner they are just one more stumbling block keep them in mind for your second or third distro when you feel bored. I say this without bias because I mainly use Gentoo Debian and Arch. I second the idea of putting it on an old box that way you could even use putty to log in via windows. VMs are great too dualbooting is better extra points forbining the two (hardware backed virtual disk). Leverage your existing knowledge. You have so much to learn that you don't need extra pain that is not necessary to get started. For example stear clear of the old editors. While I am a die hard Enthusiast for both vim and Emacs (well mostly vim even though I appreciate Emacs a lot) don't do that until you arefortable with the rest. Maybe try kate or gedit for easy to use editors. If it has to be a cli one try nano. If you explicitely want to get into CLI learn grep sed awk tr and a bit of shell that already goes a long way. As for the shell please learn the bourne subset or go straight zsh if you have control over the environment. Bash is a spaghetti mess even though it is the most widely available shell atm. In any case learn the interactive features well if you want to be faster than in a cli. Most people think the cli is slower because you ahve to so much. The reason this isn't is there are so many things that help you. n Readline keyboard shortcuts for bash bc ftp gnuplot gpg ksh mysql psql python smbclient xmllint and zsh nis a good start. ctrl-r and alt-. pluspletion (just press tab) save so much time. One of the features that I miss on other OSs and use to no end is lots of network trickery. If you might have a requirement for that learn ssh (espcially keys different s of forwarding agents...) mosh socat tcpdump iputils nc6 X2X... Whether remote or local tmux is a must especially if you don't have mosh (also screen as a fallback for machines that don't have it). If you need to write programs for your profession obviously it's language dependent. However a bit of understanding about gcc gdb and strace has helped me in a lot of places where they are actually not part of the toolset.
How do I get organized easily and cheaply after a windows 10 update?
A Windows 1 upgrade doesn't promise to keep your non-Microsoft programs files just your data. So you will need to use the tools it leaves you to get back to where you were. No matter what you were using as a web browser before (unless it was Internet Explorer which is still there) you'll need to use IE or Edge to download what you need. My first install is always Google Chrome. After that got to OpenOffice or LibreOffice's website and download that software then install it. Then go out to Adobe and get what you need from your Creative Suite subscription. Your data files should all be just where you left them usually under your user folder. Use Windows Explorer to find them just as you did with earlier versions of Windows. I hope that helps!
Should I convert my friends to become linux users?
UPDATE Oh yes! And have fun! Look here 1 Reasons Why You Should Switch To Linux From Windows XP n horizontal-rule update OMG! The other answers date back from 1995 (give or take 5 years) n Linux Mint recognized all the video-projectors and printers I threw at it It recognized right away the usb wifi antenna I bought for a desktop machine that didn't have wifi... Libreoffice is now seriouslypatible with MS softs (evening from a Mac) I exchange regularly slides and docs with colleagues on Windows and OS X and I use the terminal once in a while in order not to forget how it works bisides that I never need to! ordered-list I had a problem once italic with an Epson scanner; Half an hour on the web downloading 2 drivers and two lines editing in 'etc' (I was aplete newbie) and voilue italic it works... Phew guys wake up! My only italic regret is not having Irfanview any more... and I could have it in a virtual machinennow if you're talking Debian on the other hand...
What are the must-have programs/applications on Linux? I’m a C#, C++ and Java programmer. I am still learning them and other languages. Please check the comment for more info so the question isn’t cluttered.
For programming MonoDevelop citation target s title MonoDevelop | MonoDevelop index 1 unique_id ygNms is your only viable option if you want to continue using C# and develop .NET applications. Honestly I use Visual Studio in a Windows Virtual Machine citation target s title Oracle VM VirtualBox index 2 unique_id aWSqs but that's another option. For Java I personally like (and use) IntelliJ IDEA citation target s title Download IntelliJ IDEA The Java IDE for Professional Developers by JetBrains index 3 unique_id TUvUe . Another good option is NetBeans citation target s title Wee to NetBeans index 4 unique_id nQXsB which will work for C++ also. I don't advise Eclipse at all but it's another option. Most of the tools you need e.g. GCC GDB JRE and so on will be installed by default. If not you can easily get them from the repos. Next you need to get these (if they were not installed by default) LibreOffice citation target s title Free Office Suite index 5 unique_id afkdV for obvious reasons. Mozilla Firefox citation target s title Download the fastest Firefox ever index 6 unique_id TIKrI or Google Chrome citation target s title Chrome Web Browser index 7 unique_id AihEs . Steam citation target title Wee to Steam index 8 unique_id DOUop so you will not go insane. Try to not use Unity Desktop. I personally like Gnome but you can go with any thing you like. Get the Kate editor citation target s title Kate | Get an Edge in Editing index 9 unique_id hFRtp . That's about it. Wee to the loop bro (or sis)!